Chicken Broth for the Invalid—Procure a dry-picked Philadelphia roasting chicken; cut it in halves; put one half in the ice box; chop the other half into neat pieces; put it into a small saucepan; add one quart of cold water, a little salt and a leaf of celery; simmer gently for two hours; remove the oily particles thoroughly; strain the broth into a bowl; when cooled a little, serve to the convalescent. Serve the meat with the broth.
Chicken Soup.—Take three young male chickens; cut them up; put them in a saucepan with three quarts of veal stock. (A sliced carrot, one turnip, and one head of celery may be put with them and removed before the soup is thickened.) Let them simmer for an hour. Remove all the white flesh; return the rest of the birds to the soup, and boil gently for two hours. Pour a little of the liquid over a quarter of a pound of bread crumbs, and when they are well soaked put it in a mortar with the white flesh of the birds, and pound the whole to a smooth paste: add a pinch of ground mace, salt, and a little cayenne pepper; press the mixture through a sieve, and boil once more, adding a pint of boiling cream; thicken with a little flour mixed in cold milk; remove the bones, and serve.
Chicken Soup, No. 2.—Cut up one chicken, put into a stewpan two quarts of cold water, a teaspoonful of salt, and one pod of red pepper; when half done add two desert spoonfuls of well washed rice: when thoroughly cooked, remove the bird from the soup, tear a part of the breast into shreds (saving the remainder of the fowl for a salad), and add it to the soup with a wine-glass full of cream.
Gumbo Soup.—Cut up two chickens, two slices of ham, and two onions into dice; flour them, and fry the whole to a light brown; then fill the frying pan with boiling water; stir it a few minutes, and turn the whole into a saucepan containing three quarts of boiling water. Let it boil for forty minutes, removing the scum.
In the meantime soak three pints of ochra in cold water for twenty minutes; cut them into thin slices, and add to the other ingredients; let it boil for one hour and a half. Add a quart of canned tomatoes and a cupful of boiled rice half an hour before serving.
Mulligatawny Soup.—Divide a large chicken into neat pieces; take a knuckle of veal, and chop it up; put all into a large saucepan, and add one gallon of water; salt; boil for three hours or until reduced one-third. Put an ounce of butter in a hot frying pan, cut up two red onions, and fry them in the butter. Into a half pint of the stock put two heaping tablespoonfuls of curry powder; add this to the onion, then add the whole to the soup, now taste for seasoning. Some like a little wine, but these are the exception and not the rule. Before serving add half a slice of lemon to each portion. Many prefer a quantity of rice to be added to the soup before it is finished; the rice should be first well washed and parboiled.
Chicken Creams.—Chop and pound ½ a lb. of chicken and 3 ozs. of ham; pass this through a sieve, add 1 oz. of melted butter, 2 well-beaten eggs, and ½ a pint of cream, which must be whipped; season with pepper and salt. Mix all lightly together, put into oiled moulds and steam fifteen minutes, or if in one large mould half an hour.
Chicken Cutlets.—Chop cold chicken fine; season with onion-juice, celery salt, pepper, and chopped parsley. For 2 cupfuls allow a cupful of cream or rich milk. Heat this (with a bit of soda stirred in) in a saucepan, and thicken with a tablespoonful of butter rubbed in, one of corn-starch, stirred in when the cream is scalding. Cook one minute, put in the seasoned chicken, and cook until smoking hot. Beat two eggs light; take the boiling mixture from the fire and add gradually to these. Pour into a broad dish or agate-iron pan and set in a cold place until perfectly chilled and stiff. Shape with your hands, or with a cutter, into the form of cutlets or chops. Dip in egg, then in cracker-crumbs. Set on the ice an hour or two and fry in deep boiling fat. Send around white sauce with them.—From "The National Cook Book," by Marion Harland and Christine Terhune Herrick.
Chicken Fritters.—Season well, pieces of cold roast chicken. Make a fritter batter, stir the pieces in. Drop by spoonfuls into boiling fat. Lemon juice added to the seasoning is an improvement.
Jellied Chicken.—Take a fowl, cut it up in joints, and put it in a saucepan with enough water to cover it, a pinch of mace, a teaspoonful of salt and a little pepper. Let it stew until the meat will leave the bones. Then take the meat out, remove the bones and arrange the meat nicely in a mould. Season the liquor with a little more salt and pepper and dissolve in it ¼ of an ounce of gelatine. Pour over the chicken. The mould may be lined with slices of hard boiled egg.
Potted Chicken.—Take the good meat from a cold roast or boiled chicken and to every lb. allow ¼ of a lb. of butter, 1 teaspoonful of pounded mace, and ½ a small grated nutmeg; salt and pepper to taste. Cut the meat in small pieces, pound it well with the butter, sprinkle in the spices gradually and keep pounding until reduced to a paste. Put it into small jars and cover with clarified butter and seal tight.
Chicken Salad.—Cut very fine the good parts of a cold boiled chicken; chop up celery in the proportion of 2/3 to 1/3 of chicken and mix well. Let it stand for an hour or two with a French dressing poured over it. When it is well soaked up, cover with a mayonnaise dressing and garnish with celery tops. Serve on lettuce leaves.
Blanquette of Chicken.—One pt. of cold chicken cut into small dice, ½ a cup of stock, ½ a cup of milk, 1 tablespoonful of flour, 1 of butter, yolks of 2 eggs. Rub the butter and flour smooth and put into a frying pan. Add the stock, milk and season with salt and pepper, stir until it boils; then add the chicken and stand over a moderate fire until hot. Take it from the fire and add the well-beaten yolks; do not let it boil after the eggs are added. Serve at once.
Hungarian Chicken.—Joint a fowl as for fricassee; put it on the fire in enough cold water to cover it; bring it to a boil slowly, and cook until tender. Unless the chicken is quite young this should require from 2 to 3 hours. When it has been simmering about an hour put in a sliced onion, 2 stalks of celery, 3 sprigs of parsley, and a teaspoonful of paprika. When the chicken is done, arrange it in a dish, add to the gravy salt to taste and the juice of ½ a lemon and pour it over the chicken.—From "The National Cook Book," by Marion Harland and Christine Terhune Herrick.
German Chicken.—Stuff the chickens with a force meat made of French rolls, a little butter, egg, finely-chopped onion, parsley, thyme, and grated lemon peel; then lard and bread crumb them, putting a piece of fat over the breasts that they may not become too brown. Place them in a stewpan with 1 oz. of butter, leave uncovered for a short time, then cover and bake about 1½ hours. Half an hour before serving add a small cup of cream or milk and baste thoroughly over a hotter fire.
Turkish Chicken.—Take pieces of cold chicken. Make a sauce with 1 onion, sliced, 6 walnuts, chopped, ½ cup stock, cayenne and salt. Cook the chicken in this and when hot take it out and thicken the gravy with a little flour.